What is an FPGA?

Altera Cyclone V
Microsemi FPGAs & SoCs

FPGA is acronym for Field Programmable Gate Array. This is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing. By this you get the functionality exactly as you want. They are based around a matrix of configurable logic blocks (CLBs) connected via programmable interconnects. FPGAs can be reprogrammed to desired application or functionality requirements after manufacturing. This feature distinguishes FPGAs from Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), which are custom manufactured for specific design tasks. Since you can design as many parallel functions as you what, they will outperform any processor regarding data processing. They have also many advanced functions and interface options and can replace most of your discrete devices. Even a processor can be included to make a “one chip” solution in your product.